Below is a non-exhaustive list of publications which provides a bibliography for those who are interested in researching the area of unregistered Muslim marriages.

A list of websites and reports which may also be of interest can be found here.

 Publications


  • Ahmed, F ‘Religious Freedom under Personal Laws (OUP 2016)
  • Ahmed, F ‘The Autonomy Rationale for Religious Freedom’ (2017) Modern Law Review 80 (2) 238–262
  • Ahmed, F ‘Remedying Personal Law Systems’ (2016) 30 International Journal of Law, Policy and the Family 248
  • Ahmed, F ‘Religious Tribunals, Religious Freedom and Concern for Vulnerable Women [2012] Child and Family Law Quarterly363  (with Jane Norton)
  • Ahmed, F ‘How Religious Arbitration Could Enhance Personal Autonomy’ (2012) 1 Oxford Journal of Law and Religion 424 (with Senwung Luk)
  • Ahmed, F ‘Personal Autonomy and the Option of Religious Law’ (2010) 24 International Journal of Law, Policy and the Family 222
  • Ahmed, F ‘The Value of Faith’ (2010) 38 Religion, State & Society 169
  • Ahmed, F ‘Religious Arbitration: The Ontario Debate’ Arbitration (August 2011); Runner-up, Institute of Advanced Legal Studies/Three Faiths Forum Essay Prize 2010  (with Senwung Luk)
  • Ahmed, F ‘The Problem with Personal Law’ in Shazia Chaudhury and Jonathan Herring (eds), Cambridge Companion to Family Law (CUP, forthcoming)
  • Ahmed, F ‘Islamic Community Processes in Australia’ in Samia Bano and Jennifer Pierce (eds), ‘Mediation and Religious Arbitration in National Contexts’ (Dartmouth College Press, forthcoming)
  • Ahmed, F ‘Religious Norms in Family Law: Implications for Group and Personal Autonomy’ in John Eekelaar and Mavis Maclean (eds), Managing Family Justice in Diverse Societies (Hart, 2013)
  • Ahmed, F ‘Religion and Human Rights: Conflicts and Connections’ in Paul Hedges (ed), Controversies in Contemporary Religions, Volume 2: Public and Ethical Controversies (Praeger Publishers 2013) (with Nazila Ghanea)
  • Ahmed, F ‘The Autonomy Rationale for Religious Freedom’ UK Constitutional Law Blog (5 April 2017)
  • Rajnaara C. Akhtar, Rebecca Probert and Annelies Moors (2018) ‘Informal Muslim Marriages: Regulations and Contestations’Oxford Journal of Law and Religion, Volume 7 Issue 3.
  • Annelies Moors, Rajnaara C. Akhtar and Rebecca Probert (2018) ‘Contextualizing Muslim Religious-Only Marriages’, Sociology of Islam, Volume 6 Issue 3.
  • Akhtar, R.C., (2018) ‘Modern Traditions in Muslim Marriage Practices, Exploring English Narratives’ Oxford Journal of Law and Religion. https://doi.org/10.1093/ojlr/rwy030
  • Akhtar, R.C.  ‘Unregistered Muslim Marriages in the UK; Examining Normative Influences Shaping Choice of Legal Protection’, in M.C. Foblets (et al) (Eds) (2018), Personal Autonomy in Plural Societies; A Principle and its Paradoxes, Routledge, Law and Anthropology
  • Akhtar, R.C.  ‘Unregistered Muslim Marriages: An Emerging Culture of Celebrating Rites and Compromising Rights‘, in R Probert, J Miles and P Mody (2015) Marriage Rites and Rights, Hart Publishing, Oxford
  • Akhtar, R.C.  (2013) ‘Towards Conceptualising User-Friendly Shariah Councils‘ Journal of Islamic State Practice in International Law, Volume 9, Issue 2, pp 112-135.
  • Akhtar, R.C., Probert, R ‘Integration: Seeing the Bigger Picture’ in Law & Religion UK (21 March 2018)
  • Akhtar, R.C., ‘The Human Right to Marry: A Refugees Perspective’ Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law, (2018) 40:2, 262-269, DOI: 10.1080/09649069.2018.1451013. Read Here
  • Ali, S S ‘Authority and Authenticity; Sharia Councils, Muslim women’s rights and the English Courts’ (2013) Vol 25(2) Child and Family Law Quarterly pp. 113-137.
  • Ali, S S ‘Between the Devil and the Deep Blue Sea: Sharia Councils and Muslim Women’s Rights in the British Muslim Diaspora’ in S S Ali, Modern Challenges to Islamic Law (2016) Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Ali, S S ‘Internet Fatawa: Challenging Tradition and Modernity in Womenand Gender Issues‘ in S  S Ali, Modern Challenges to Islamic Law (2016) Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Ali, S S ‘From Muslim Migrants to Muslim Citizens: Islamic law and Muslims in a Multi-faith Britain’ in Griffiths-Jones, R. (ed.) Islam in English Law. Rights and Responsibilities and the Role of Shari’a, (2012) Cambridge University Press pp. 157-175.
  • Ali, S. S , Hellum, A. and Griffiths, A. (eds.)  ‘Behind the Cyberspace Veil: Online Fatwas on Women’s Family Rights’ From Transnational Relations to Transnational Laws: Northern European Law at the Crossroads (2010) Ashgate Publishing, pp. 125-146.
  • Ali, S.S , Hellum, A., Stewart, J & Tsanga, A (eds.) ‘Interpretative Strategies for Women’s Human Rights in a Plural Legal Framework: Exploring Judicial and State Responses to Hudood laws in PakistanHuman Rights, Plural Legalities and Gendered Realities: Paths are Made by Walking. (2006) Harare: Weaver Books. Chapter 15
  • Amien, W ‘South African women’s legal experiences of Muslim personal law’, in Fielder. L and Topidi. K (eds) Religion as Empowerment – Global Legal Perspectives (Routledge, 2016) 53-77.
  • Amien, W ‘Arendse v Arendse and Others and Isaacs v Isaacs and Another’, Journal of Comparative Law in Africa, Volume 2 Number 1 (2015) 118-126.
  • Amien, W ‘Post-apartheid treatment of religious freedom in the South African public sphere’, in W Sullivan et al (eds) Politics of Religious Freedom (University of Chicago Press, 2015) 179-193.
  • Amien, W ‘Legislating Religious Freedom: An Example of Muslim Marriages in South Africa’, Maryland Journal of International Law, Volume 29 (2014) 501-547.
  • Amien, W ‘The viability for women’s rights of incorporating Islamic inheritance laws into the South African legal system’, Acta Juridica (2014) 192-218.
  • Amien, W ‘The recognition of religious and customary marriages and non-marital domestic partnerships in South Africa’, in J Eekelaar and R George (eds) Routledge Handbook of Family Law and Policy (Oxon: Routledge, 2014) 26-44
  • Amien, W ‘Reflections on the recognition of African customary marriages in South Africa: Seeking insights for the recognition of Muslim marriages’, 13 Acta Juridica (2013) 357-384.
  • Amien, W ‘Comparative Perspectives: South Africa’, in James Dingemans et al (eds) The Protections for Religious Rights: Law and Practice, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013) 241-256.
  • Amien, W ‘The Gendered Benefits and Costs of Legal Pluralism for Muslim Family Law in South Africa’ in Mavis Maclean and John Eekelaar (eds) Managing Family Justice in Diverse Societies (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2013) 107-123.
  • Amien, W ‘Politics of religious freedom in South Africa’ in The Immanent Frame. Secularism, religion, and the public sphere (SSRC, 2012).
  • Amien, W ‘A chronological overview of events leading up to the formulation of the Muslim Marriages Bill’ in Tayob, A (Ed) Muslim Marriages in South Africa: From Constitution to Legislation, (Cape Town: Centre for Contemporary Islam, University of Cape Town, 2011) 8-16.
  • Amien, W ‘A South African case study for the recognition and regulation of Muslim family law in a minority Muslim secular context’, International Journal of Law, Policy and the Family 24:3 (2010) 361-396.
  • Amien, W ‘Muslim Personal Law (MPL) in Canada: A case study considering the conflict between freedom of religion and Muslim women’s right to equality’ in Eva Brems (ed) Conflicts between fundamental rights (Antwerp: Intersentia Publishers, 2008) 381-420.
  • Al-Sharmani, Mulki, Mustasaari, Sanna, and Ismail, Abdirashid. ‘Faith-based Family Dispute Resolution in Finnish Mosques: Unfolding Roles and Evolving Practices’ In: Bano, Samia (ed.).  Gender and Justice in Family Law Disputes: Women, Mediation, and Religious Arbitration.  Waltham, MA: Brandeis University, 2017.Pp. 270-291
  • Al-Sharmani, Mulki and Ismail, Abdirashid. ‘Marriage and Transnational Family Life among Somali Migrants in Finland’ In: Migration Letters, 14, 1, 2017: 38-49 (co-authored with Abdirashid Ismail)
  • Al-Sharmani, Mulki. ‘Striving against the ‘Nafs’: Revisiting Somali Muslim Spousal Roles and Rights in Finland’ In: Journal of Religion in Europe, 8, 2015: 101-120
  • Al-Sharmani, Mulki. ‘Islamic Feminism: Transnational and National Reflections’ In: Approaching Religion, 4, 2, 2014:83-94
  • Ziba Mir-Hosseini, Al-Sharmani, Mulki, and Rumminger, Jana. Men in Charge? Rethinking Authority in Muslim Legal TraditionOxford, UK: Oneworld, 2015
  • Al-Sharmani, Mulki.  Gender Justice and Legal Reform in Egypt: Negotiating MuslimFamily Law.  The American University in Cairo Press, in press.
  • Banda, F & Joffe, F.L ‘Women’s Rights and Religious Law: Domestic and International Perspectives’ (2016)
  • Bano, S (2012) Muslim Women and Shari’ah Councils: Transcending the Boundaries of Community and Law (Basingstoke: Palgrave MacMillan)
  • Bano S Gender and Justice in Family Law Disputes: Women, Mediation, and Religious Arbitration
  • El Fegiery, MIslamic Law and Human Rights: The Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt’ (2016)
  • Grillo, R  ‘Muslim Families, Politics and the Law: A Legal Industry in Multicultural Britain’ (2015)
  • Jones-Pauly, C & Tuqan, A.D  ‘Women Under Islam: Gender Justice and the Politics of Islamic Law’
  • Lukito, RLegal Pluralism in Indonesia: Bridging the Unbridgeable’  (2013)
  • Mehdi, R ‘The Islamization of the Law in Pakistan (RLE Politics of Islam)’ (2013)
  • Menski, W & Pearl, D ‘Muslim Family Law
  • NaʻīmʻA.A.AIslamic Family Law in A Changing World: A Global Resource Book’ (2002)
  • O’Sullivan, K  ‘Muslim Marriage (Non)Recognition: Implications and Possible Solutions’ (with L. Jackson) (2017) 39(1)  Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law 22-41
    O’Sullivan, K  ‘Putting the cart before the horse? The Arbitration and Media Services Bill’ (with L. Jackson) (2016) Family Law 82-85
  • Platt, M ‘Marriage, Gender and Islam in Indonesia: Women Negotiating Informal Marriage
  • Thompson, S. and Sandberg, R. 2017. ‘Common defects of the Divorce Bill and Arbitration and Mediation Services (Equality) Bill 2016-17′ Family Law47(April), pp. 425-451.
  • Sandberg, R. and Thompson, S. 2017. ‘Relational autonomy and religious tribunals’ Oxford Journal of Law and Religion 6(1), pp. 137-161. (10.1093/ojlr/rww059)
  • Sandberg, R. and Thompson, S. 2016. ‘The Sharia Law debate: The missing family law context’ Law and Justice 177, pp. 181-192.
  • Sandberg, R. 2016. ‘The failure of legal pluralism’ Ecclesiastical Law Journal 18(2), pp. 137-157. (10.1017/S0956618X1600003X)
  • Sandberg, R et al. 2012, ‘Britain’s religious tribunals: ‘joint governance’ in practice’ Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 33(2), pp. 263-291. (10.1093/ojls/gqs031)
  • Sandberg, R. ed. 2015. ‘Religion and legal pluralism’ Ashgate AHRC/ESRC Religion and Society Series. Ashgate.
  • Sandberg R ‘Judicial Review of Shariah Councils’ UK Constitutional Law Blog (1 May 2015) (with Adam Perry)
  • Schroeter, S ‘Gender and Islam in Southeast Asia: Women’s Rights Movements, Religious …’ (2013)
  • Shah, P & Foblets, M ‘Family, Religion and Law: Cultural Encounters in Europe’ (2014)
  • Topidi, K & Fielder, L ‘Religion as Empowerment: Global Legal Perspectives’ (2016)
  • Vishal, V ‘Nikah: Principle and Policy’ (2017)
  • Voorhoeve, M ‘Family Law in Islam: Divorce, Marriage and Women in the Muslim World’ (2016)
  • Welchman, L ‘Women and Muslim Family Laws in Arab States: A Comparative Overview of Textual Development and Advocacy’  (2007)
  • Welchman, L ‘Women’s Rights and Islamic Family Law: Perspectives on Reform’ (2004)